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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Missionary Carol Mitchell <>
Date: Fri, 8 Apr 2022 17:08:01 +0100
Subject: Hello Beloved

Hello Beloved, I am Carol Mitchell a Missionary formally with Saints
Peter and Paul Church Catholic North Beach/Telegraph Hill 666 Filbert
St San Francisco, CA 94133 USA, I have the Sum of US$6M in Citibank
Bank N.A(New York) before I was diagnosed with cancer of the blood and
according to my doctors I have just two or three weeks to live. So I
want you to help me stand as my Next of Kin to enable Citibank Bank
Transfer this US$6M to you, note that you will take US$3M out of this
US$6M and give the remaining US$3M to any Charity Home here in United
State, Africa, Canada, Europe and Asia because that was the vow I made
to my God Almighty before I became a Missionary. I want you to get
back to me immediately if you are interested to stand as my Next of
Kin, So that I can introduce you to my Lawyer,Bank and direct you on
how to proceed before I pass away in this world because I have only
two weeks to live according to my Doctor. I wait your urgent response.
Thanks, Missionary Carol Mitchell. Saints Peter and Paul Church

Anti-fraud resources: