fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Pamela Lambert" <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 09:02:32 -0700
Subject: Dear Beloved firstname.lastname@example.org
Please accept my apologies for sending you a surprise letter. I am Mrs Pamela Lambert, account Manager with an investment Bank here in the United Kingdom-London. I have a very important business I want to discuss with you. There is a draft account opened in my firm by a long-time client of our bank. I have the opportunity of transferring the left over fund (GBPÂ£6,300,000.00 Six Million, Three Hundred Thousand British Pounds) belonging to one of our International Customers who was killed on Feb. 24 during the Russia war against Ukraine. And being single, he did not state any next of kin Heir-apparent when the account was opened, although as her account officer, he told me that he will later forward one of his relativeâs name as his next of kin Heir to the account which he did not fulfilled before he met his death.
I want to introduce you to our Bank for this deal as the rightful next of kin. All I require is your honest co-operation and I guarantee you that this will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect us from any breach of the law. I agree that 40% of this money will be for you as my foreign partner, 50% for me while 10% is for establishing a foundation for the less privileges in your country. If you are really interested in my proposal, please indicate back by providing me the below information.
Your Full Name:
Your Residence Home Address:
Your Official Occupation:
Your Mobile Number:
The further details of the Fund-Transfer will be forwarded to you as soon as I receive your willingness to assist me execute the fund transaction successfully.
Have a nice day while I look forward to receiving your feedback.
Mrs Pamela Lambert