fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "your urgent reply" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Grace Mugabe" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: 08 Apr 2022 17:49:33 +0200
Subject: Kindly Respond If you have A Financial Need
I came across your e-mail contact prior to a private search while in need of your assistance. My name is Grace Mugabe, the wife of the Late Zimbabwe leader Robert Gabriel Mugabe, who died on 6th September 2019.
I have investment funds worth Eighty-Seven Million Five Hundred Thousand United State Dollars ($87.500.000.00 ) and I need a trusted investment Manager/Partner because of my current status, however, I am interested in you for an investment project assistance in your country may be from there, we can build business relationship in the nearest future.
I am willing to negotiate an investment/business profit sharing ratio with you based on the future investment earning profits.
If you are willing to handle this project on my behalf kindly reply to me via my private email.
to enable me to provide you more information about the investment funds.
Your Urgent Reply Will Be Appreciated.
Mrs. Grace Mugabe