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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs.Aisha Muhammadu Buhari" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 8 Apr 2022 07:59:15 -0700
Subject: Confidentiality is the bond of this transaction. L1

Dear Sir,
This is from the office of the first lady Federal Republic of Nigeria.
sir/Madam, How are you doing today? I am Mrs.Aisha Muhammadu Buhari
the first lady Federal Republic of Nigeria.
I am sorry for contacting you directly to your email.I have a very
genuine and Lucrative business opportunity that I want to share with
you as you may know this is the final tenure of my husband in the
246,250,000.00,) deposited with National Bank of Fujairah Dubai,
United Arab Emirates.
Please I need your help for immediate crediting of this fund into your
bank  all it will cost you is sending the cost of re-validating the
bank draft to be entered in your name or company and you will start to
withdraw from your bank account. Please acknowledge my email so I can
provide you with details.
Confidentiality is the bond of this transaction.
I await your response.
Best regards,
Mrs.Aisha Muhammadu Buhari

Anti-fraud resources: