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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Nan Cheng" <>
Date: Fri, 1 Apr 2022 11:32:57 +0200
Subject: RE: Thank You.

Your reputable profile motivated me to contact you for a possible
partnership in an operation of lifting crude petroleum products and sale
licenses for which the monthly commission will raise up to $3 million
dollars monthly.

Would you like to know more or are you interested in doing business with me?

Please kindly get back to me as soon as possible, do send your reply to my
direct mailbox (


Mr. Nan Cheng

Anti-fraud resources: