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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Stephen Mensah." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 31 Mar 2022 08:44:25 -0700
Subject: Re: Good Friend.

Good Friend,

My name is Mr. Stephen Mensah I am the regional manager of the Financial Institution Tema Accra Ghana, I got your information during my search through the Internet.. I am searching for a reliable and experienced business expert that can guide me in setting up a lucrative business investment, so I decided to look for a tourism country or secure country for this investment project. I write you this proposal in good faith. I have a financial transaction that will benefit both of us. I awaiting your response to enable us discuss about this business investment

Please do not hesitate to contact me for more information and other questions for further explanation.

Best Regards
Mr. Stephen Mensah

Anti-fraud resources: