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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Roland Kostopoulos <>
Date: 25 Feb 2022 14:57:14 +0100


I am Roland Kostopoulos Esq and my late client died intestate
(Without a will).

The assets of my late client will be declared unserviceable or
confiscated after statutory time has elapsed if I don't present a
bona fide next-of-kin.

My proposition to you is to seek your consent to present you as
the bona fide next-of-kin and beneficiary of my Late Client,
since you both bear the same last name.

Please feel free to reply with your telephone number for more
details about this transaction of mutual benefits.

Yours faithfully,

Roland Kostopoulos Esq.
Attorney at Law

Anti-fraud resources: