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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Head Office <>
Date: Fri, 25 Feb 2022 06:59:32 -0500
Subject: Diverting your fund


I am Mr. Michael Raynor and this message is to inform you that the
United States has newly appointed Secretary from the Federal CORIS
Bank of Benin Republic (Ms.Janet Yallen) has approved the immediate
release and delivery of your ATM CARD to you

I have registered your ATM with DHL this morning and we agreed up that
your (US$10.5 million dollars) in ATM CARD delivery will take place
Tomorrow morning. So kindly reconfirm you

full information:

Your Full name:

Your Address:

Your Country:

Your Cell Number:

I await your urgent response and you can also reach me on +(229) 6379-9201.

Yours faithfully
Mr. Michael Raynor

Anti-fraud resources: