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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: BMGF ORG <>
Date: Fri, 25 Feb 2022 16:38:55 +0800
Subject: Humanitarian relief

The Bill & Melinda Gates
Foundation (BMGF)
Non-Profit Organization
Seattle City, WA United States

Attn: Recipient,

Hope this information meet you well as I know you will be curious to
know why and how we selected you to receive this sum of $570,000.00
USD from BMGF Foundation, our information below is 100% legitimate,
please see the link:

Kindly contact our claim institution {westgate finance} via email for
more information and directions on how to claim your donation. Email:

You should use this donation to help the less privileged and
unfortunate during the pandemic

Secretary and Chief of Impact
Mark Suzman

Bill & Melinda
Gates Foundation

Anti-fraud resources: