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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Bill Gross <>
Date: Thu, 24 Feb 2022 16:52:35 -0800


Hello My Friend,

My name is Mr. Bill Gross an American business magnate, investor,
philanthropist and founder of Pacific Investment Management Co, the
largest global fixed income investment company. I am one of the most
successful investors in the world. I believe strongly in 'giving while
living’. I had one idea that never changed in my mind which says that
you should use your wealth to help people and i have decided to give
{$5,500,000.00} Five Million Five Hundred Thousand United States
Dollars to randomly selected individuals worldwide. On receipt of this
email, you should count yourself as the lucky individual.

Your email address was chosen online while searching at random. Kindly
get back to me at your earliest convenience before i travel to india
for my treatment so that I will know your email address is valid.
Email me at ( )

Thank you for accepting our offer, we are indeed grateful and you Can
Google my name for more information: Bill Gross OR You visit my
website at ( ) or My Wikipedia at › wiki › Bill_H._Gross

God bless you.
Best Regard
Mr. Bill Gross

Bill Gross

Anti-fraud resources: