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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 25 Feb 2022 00:07:31 +0900

My name is Mr. Stephen Mensah, I am a politician from Ghana and also a formal manager in a financial institution as a Senior Economic Adviser to Government Ghana. I got your contact from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of International Trade and Industry, I am searching for a reliable and experienced business expert that can guide me in setting up a lucrative business investment, so I decided to look for a tourism country or secure country for this investment project. I have U$18.5 Million Dollars and I need your assistance and guidance to invest the money in your country.

If you are capable and willing to assist me in collaborating with me to invest the fund in your country. Do not hesitate in writing to me immediately on my private mail (

Best Regards,
Mr. Stephen Mensah

Anti-fraud resources: