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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Michael Green" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 25 Jan 2022 13:41:58 -0800
Subject: Compliments of the season to you and members of your family.

Compliments of the season to you and members of your family.



It is my pleasure to officially inform you that your name was on the list of those scammed victims, who was compensated by the Nigerian Federal Government to the sum of $5,750,000 (US dollars).

Already the sum of $75,000 (seventy five thousand US dollars) has been issued an ATM at Zenith Bank headquarters, Plot 84, Ajose Adeogun Street, Victoria Island Lagos, Nigeria,

awaiting the confirmation of your;

1.Your Full names.....
2.Your Address.............
3.Your number................
4.Your e-mail..........
5.Your Country.......................

subject to the confirmation of your embassy.

You are directed to contact the account officer in charge of foreign remittance, Chidi Martins; via email;(

Kind regards,
FOR: Public Affairs Section, Abuja

Embassy of the United States of America
Plot 1075 Diplomatic Drive
Central District Area,
Abuja, Nigeria.

Best regards,
From Michael Green

Anti-fraud resources: