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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Loan Head Service Limited <>
Date: Sun, 23 Jan 2022 13:14:49 +0100

Loan Head Service Limited
we are currently offering guaranteed and unlimited Loan/Fund services of
any amount to individuals and companies who needs funding to either fund
their business or to execute their project with an interest rate of 3%,

We need a Representative/Agent who can introduce any client to us for
funding and will be entitled to a 10% commission on any client he or
she introduces
to us, funding /loan and project financing is highly accepted.
Looking forward to possible business collaboration with you. Please
Reply to (

Thank you
Mr. Martin Powell
Loan Head Service Limited

Anti-fraud resources: