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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Christian Garcia" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 22 Jan 2022 16:13:20 -0000
Subject: From The Desktop of Christian Garcia (Priority ...

Being a Branch Internal Auditor in Bank Of America Valley View
CA. I have an Important Matter to Discuss with you concerning my
late customer Dennis R. Kozacek who Died in a plane crash on 29th
April 2019 with none of his family and associates linked to his
$12M in his company account with us. Get back to me so that we
can chat a way forward but you must be extremely secretive before
replying to this email.
Christian Garcia
Branch Internal Auditor
NB: Heres the link to the story if you wish to confirm my info:

Anti-fraud resources: