fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Franks Jeffrey" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 21 Jan 2022 23:37:06 -0800
Subject: RE:INSTRUCTION TO TRANSFER YOUR APPROVED PENDING FUND
( I.M.F ) Head Office
64-66, Avenue d'lena
75116 Paris, France
INSTRUCTION TO TRANSFER YOUR APPROVED PENDING FUND
This is to inform you of very important information which will be of great help to redeem you from all the difficulties you have been experiencing in getting your long overdue payment valued at $10,000.000.00 due to excessive demand for money from you by both corrupt Bank officials and Courier Companies after which your fund remains unpaid to you.
I am Jeffrey Franks , a highly placed official of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). It may interest you to know that reports have reached our office by so many correspondences on the uneasy way which people like you are treated by Various Banks and Courier Companies/ Diplomat across Europe to Africa and Asia/London UK and we have decided to put a stop to that and that is why I was appointed to handle the transfer of your fund here in the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
All Governmental and Non-Governmental prostates, NGOs, Finance Companies, Banks, Security Companies, and Courier companies that have been in contact with you of late have been instructed to back up from your transaction and you have been advised NOT to respond to them anymore since the IMF is now directly in charge of your payment.
The most annoying thing is that the bad officials won't tell you the truth that on no account will they ever release the fund to you, instead, they allow you to spend money unnecessarily, NOTE: I do not intend to work here all the days of my life. You are to respond to this e-mail on ( firstname.lastname@example.org ) as quickly as possible.
1. Full Name:
6. Copy of your Identity Card
Director, IMF Europe Office