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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "T-W" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 21 Jan 2022 15:11:40 -0600

United Bank For Africa (Liberia) Limited
Broad & Nelson Street, Monrovia,
Our Ref:USFRB/IRU/SFE/15.5/011
  8 a.m.-9 p.m. Central African Time(CAT)
  Saturday and Sunday
  8 a.m.-4 p.m. Central African Time(CAT)
United Bank For Africa
This is to notify you That your funds valued Three Million Seven Hundred
Thousand united states dollars (U.S. $3,700,000.00) has been released
today to the United Bank For Africa Liberia
For your convenience, You Will Have to transfer Through Within 24hrs
online by yourself to your local account.By of this method, You Will
monitor the movement of the local funds online till your account is duly
Contact United Bank For Africa (Liberia) to Provide
personnel with the login details so You Can commence the transfer by
John Ike
CONTACT United Bank For Africa (Liberia)
EMAIL: ( or TEXT +1(919)404-9801
Tracey Williams

Anti-fraud resources: