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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Damaris M. Race" <>
Date: Fri, 21 Jan 2022 16:14:05 +0000
Subject: Re: Request For An Investment Manager

Hello Dear,

My name is Ivan Glasenberg. I am a South African business executive and former chief executive officer of Glencore and I got your email contact from my personal assistant who worked in the Switzerland Embassy in your Country.

You can read more about my profile


I announced my retirement in December 2020, and I retired in June 2021 and am now willing to partner with any prospective individual or company that can manage funds and form a new conglomerate.

I really anticipate hearing from you.

I await your response

Yours Sincerely,
Ivan Glasenberg.

Anti-fraud resources: