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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "ARPA" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2022 20:13:36 -0300
Subject: Re: Federal Credit Support For Businesses..

Federal Business Stimulus Aid Programs.

You have been approved to receive $2,000.000 stimulus business support being part of $1.9 trillion Covid relief bill American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA), signed into law by President Biden in March 2021. Payment instructions has been sent to Citibank for your immediate payment.

Confirm the receipt of this notice to enable us to release the Citibank contact information to you.


Anti-fraud resources: