fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "because it still remains the fastest medium of communication" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Daniel Agamah" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2022 13:53:15 -0800
Subject: I crave your indulgence.
My good friend,
I am glad to establish this contact through searching for a name, My name
is Mr. Daniel Agamah, a Branch Manager of Zenith Bank here in Ghana, I do
hope that I can trust you with the information I want to share with you.
Though I feel not quite safe discussing this Business with you through this
Internet method, because this transaction is very crucial and must be
treated Confidential. I know using this medium of the Internet has been
greatly abused, I still choose to reach you through it because it still
remains the fastest medium of communication.
I got your information during my search through the Internet. I feel
privileged to collaborate with you on the below proposed project. I do
foresee the surprise this letter will bring to you as it comes from a
stranger, but be assured that it comes with the best of intentions. If you
don't want this business offer kindly forget it, as I will not
contact you again.
This is in regards to a fund I discovered that my branch made in the course
of the year 2021 end of the year report, in which I am the Manager and the
excess profit is Twelve Million Five Hundred Thousand Dollars [US
$12,500,000.00] which my head office is not aware of and will never be
aware of. I have since placed this fund in a SUNDRY ACCOUNT.
As an officer of the bank I cannot be directly linked to this money, so
this is the reason I contacted you for us to work together so that you can
assist me and receive this fund into your bank account in your country for
us to SHARE.
It is my intention for us to jointly recuperate the said deposit for our
mutual benefit and for use in worthwhile projects in your country or
abroad. For your mutual collaboration I propose we disburse the proceeds of
this transaction on the basis of your acceptance and also per your own
I am offering you 50% of the total fund, while you keep 50% for me in your
bank account till I join you in your country for the sharing / investment
of my own share of the funds or better still we can go into a joint
partnership venture, I will appreciate it very much.
I immensely request for your optimum honesty and cooperation. Let me know
your thoughts on this, We shall go over the details once I receive Your
Thanks for your understanding, I will be waiting for your response for more
clarification. I will give you more details on how we can achieve it
Mr. Daniel Agamah.