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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Urgent <>
Date: Tue, 18 Jan 2022 22:53:48 +0200
Subject: RE

*Dear, I am John Chu (a lawyer), my purpose of contacting you is for your
consent /or help to secure and evacuate the funds left behind by my late
client to avoid its confiscation or declaration as non serviceable by the
bank. The fund is valued at €9,500,000.00 euros. I know you may not
actually be in any way related to him (my late client) but for sharing the
same surname with him makes it easier to get the funds to your name /or
have it moved to your account for your access, our joint division and
utility. Get back for more details.
<> Regards, Hon. Barrister J. Chu*


Anti-fraud resources: