fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "top secret" (scammers urge victims to keep the transaction secret because they don't want anyone to point out to them that it is a scam)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "UNITED NATIONS" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 15 Jan 2022 10:34:23 -0600
Subject: KINDLY READ AND RESPOND BACK
I decided to write you this proposal in good faith,
believing that you will not betray me.
I am Mr.James Walton,Senior Executive Vice President &
Group Head - Retail Banking & Wealth Management at
Baader Bank AG. I have been in search of someone with
the name , so I came online to search then I saw you
here, I think it is by the will of God to come across
you now, I am having some important business discussion
I wish to share with you, it is in connection with your
last name and you are going to benefit from it.
One Late Peter , a citizen of your country and a crude
Oil dealer made a fixed deposit with my bank 2005 for
114 calendar month valued at US$70,000,000.00 (Seventy
Million United State Dollars) the due date for the
deposit contract was last 22nd of January 2019, sadly
Peter was among the death victims in the may 27 2006
Earthquake disaster in Java Indonesia that killed over
5,000 people. he was in Indonesia on a Gold business
trip which he introduced to me, sadly that was how he
met his end. My bank management is yet to know about his
death, I knew about it because he was my friend and I am
his account officer. Peter did not mention any Next of
Kin/ Heir when the account was opened, so few months ago
I was going through his account details and noticed that
his account needs to be renew or to terminate the
contract, so I thought of it again and again and I
decided to get a next of Kin so that the fund can be out
of Baader Bank, now I am seeking for your co-operation
so we can get the fund to our self instead of allowing
it to remain in the bank and if the bank do not hear
from Late Peter they will use the fund for their
personal use, I have prayed and made a very good home
grand work concerning this transaction before contacting
you, since you have same last name with late Peter my
bank head quarters will release the fund to you as the
rightful next of Kin to the fund, there is no risk
involve in this transaction all I want is for you to
keep this transaction secret between the both of us, do
not discuss with anybody about this transaction I am
here to guide you all through this transaction, the fund
will be transferred to your account.
I am not a greedy person, so I am suggesting we share
the funds equal, 50/50% to both parties, my share will
assist me to start my own company which has been my
dream. Let me know your mind on this and please do treat
this information as TOP SECRET. We shall go over the
details once I receive your urgent response strictly
personal E-mail address: email@example.com
We can as well discuss this on email
Have a nice day and God bless. Anticipating your
Retail Banking & Wealth Management at Baader Bank AG.