fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "i will like you to " (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "economic and financial crimes commission" (This name is often mentioned in money recovery scams (re-scam): the real EFCC does not contact victims to offer to get their money back because that is near impossible. )
- "(efcc)" (This name is often mentioned in money recovery scams (re-scam): the real EFCC does not contact victims to offer to get their money back because that is near impossible. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: ISA INUWA <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:29:37 +0100
Subject: CONFIRM IT
How are you today? I am ISA INUWA, I work with the Finance Director in
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation. I am delighted to inform you
that I have a business proposal that is worth $18.2 Million Dollars I
will like to discuss with you.The Finance Director has instructed me
to look for a foreign business man/woman who is ready and willing to
be our business partner. We will provide the $18.2 Million Dollars.
This fund is a proceeds of contract payment over invoice .We have
successfully secured it for ourselves and the contract have been fully
paid for and executed.
You are to receive and invest the fund for a period of ten years for
the benefit of the three of us, we can then roll it over again. But if
you are not interested in partnership, the fund can be share in this
ratio: You will take 34% of the fund, while 65% will be for me and the
Finance Director and the remaining 1% will be use later to off set any
expenses that might be incurred in receiving the $18.2 Million Dollars
into your bank account. The money that you and us might spent to
facilitate receiving the funds into your bank account.
Please, I will like you to get back to me so that I can give you more
details.This move is an attempt to save this fund from being seized
from us by operatives of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission
You can read through the link below: They just seized fund from one of
our retired staff.
I wait to hear from you.
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation