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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr. Steven M. Jacubs<>
Date: Tue, 18 Jan 2022 16:44:54 -0800
Subject: I have an Investment opportunity of $100m, for Investment in your

Dear ,

I am Engr. Steven M. Jacobs of Operations at Finance and Account
Department of Qatar Petroleum.

I have an Investment opportunity of $100m, for Investment in your
Country. I need your assistance and co-operation to move it into your
account as a Contract Payment with the QP for onward investment.

Tell me if you can handle this, if you can't, don't let this to be
known by any other person. Its between you and I.

Kind regards,

Engr. Steven M. Jacobs
Finance and Account Department
Qatar Petroleum

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Anti-fraud resources: