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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Attorney" <>
Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2022 00:20:36 +0700
Subject: Congratulations


My Name is Attorney Gareth Brown. I have my client's (Mr. Charles Jackson Jr.) firm instruction to contact you and help finalize the claims of the donated cash prize to you. My client was the mega winner of $344.6 million Power ball Mega Millions Jackpot: WATCH HIM HERE:

He is donating Sum of Five Million United States Dollars to 5 random people. After a computerized email selection system (ESS) from a database of over 100,000,000.00 email addresses drawn from all the email server's world over, your email was selected to receive the donation prize courtesy of my client benevolence. Your secret donation code allotted to you is: JAN441672020468302.

Get back to me at the earliest so i can send you further details for claims without further delay. Congratulations once again!

Yours truly,
Attorney Gareth Brown

Anti-fraud resources: