fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Evelyn Jaxon" <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 18 Jan 2022 16:03:46 +0100
Subject: Saluti mia carissima
Saluti mia amata, come stai e la tua famiglia.
Per favore, ho una donazione di fondi di $ 2.800.000 di dollari che
voglio donare a te per scopi di beneficenza. Mi Ã¨ stato diagnosticato
un cancro del sangue per molto tempo e non voglio che il mio fondo
venga ereditato dalle persone malvagie se muoio perchÃ© voglio che il
fondo sia per i poveri della societÃ .
Per favore, aspetterÃ² di sentirti subito dopo aver letto il mio
messaggio per darti piÃ¹ motivi per donarti il mio fondo.
Sig.ra Evelyn Jaxon