fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: FEDERAL RESERVE BANK <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 18 Jan 2022 16:03:20 +0100
Subject: YOUR URGENT RESPONSE
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF NEW YORK
33 LIBERTY ST, NEW YORK
NY 10045, UNITED STATES
ATTENTION FUND OWNER:
THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF NEW YORK WRITES TO INFORM YOU THAT SOME
FUND HAS BEEN APPROVED BY THE WORLD BANK ORGANIZATION AND PRESIDENCY
UNION TO BE RECEIVED TO YOU AS FORM OF COMPENSATION FOR COVID-19 AFFECTED.
NOTE: YOU ARE REQUESTED TO CONFIRM YOUR VALID INFORMATION SO AS TO
ENABLE THE BANK REACH OUT TO YOU AND BE SURE WE ARE DEALING WITH THE
AFFECTED PERSON OR THE FAMILY.
CONFIRM BELOW INFORMATION;
1) COMPLETE NAME AS STATED ON YOUR ID CARD:
2) PHONE NUMBER OR WHATSAPP NUMBER:
YOUR URGENT RESPONSE IS WELCOMED AS WE ARE OPEN TO RECEIVE ANYQUESTION
THAT MAY DISTURB YOU.
Yours in Service.
Wire Transfer Specialist New York
270 Park Ave. New York City
Call:+1 202 734 6813