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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: PostFinance Bank AG <>
Date: Tue, 18 Jan 2022 14:54:15 +0100
Subject: Re: Wire Transfer from PostFinance Bank AG.

Your attention,

RE: Change of account particulars on your payment file We write to
inform you that we have been zinding it difficult to communicate with
you on phone for reconfirmation of your bank details as we have been
mandated by the African Development Bank and approved by the United
States Department of the Treasury to remit directly the sum of
US$10,500,000.00(Ten Million Five Hundred Thousand United States
Dollars) into your Bank account with reference number
USDOT/TET/2791XC-WTR as we could not have access to your Bank for a
Swift transfer as instructed.

We are instructed to remit the sum of $10,500,000.00 on your behalf as
payment held by the Central Bank of Nigeria. We do here request from
you to confirm if you did give power of attorney to one Matthew J.
Clark Jr a U.S. Citizen as your new Next of Kin to change your
receiving account and to take full charge of your payment due to your
illness? Please confirm to us as soon as possible.

Our corresponding Bank requested that we verify the change and report
back to them, hence we com communicate you accordingly.


Bank Name: Chase Bank
Address: 8120 S Gessner Rd, Houston, TX 77036 USA
Account number: 2970394163
Routing number: 111000614
Swift Code: CHASUS33
Account name: Matthew J. Clark Jr
Kindly confirm your willingness to receive more information for
your fund transfer to your bank account as stated in your file with

Please understand that this is a financial transaction and further
delay will impede our effort to successfully complete the wires.

If you are not willing to receive these funds kindly state it now.

We will proceed to return the funds.

Kurt Fuchs
Chief Financial Officer
PostFinance Bank AG
Mingerstrasse 20,
Bern, BE, 3030,

Anti-fraud resources: