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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Terry anderson <>
Date: Tue, 18 Jan 2022 12:08:13 +0100
Subject: For your urgent information

My name is Mr Terry Anderson, the newly appointed Chairman of Debt
Management committee in the administration of the President of Nigeria,
General Mohammed Buhari (rtd),My duty is to recover/peruse all unclaimed
payments owed to foreign nationals by the past President Goodluck
administration and beyond so as to clear the country from fraudulent mess
as directed by the international community,

Based on that capacity, this present administration through my office has
required you as a matter of urgency, to state why your fund has not been
paid to you up till this moment to enable us to probe the concerned
officials where necessary and release your fund to you. Therefore we want
you to state how much you have spent during the course of pursuing this
payment and also how long you have been on it,

Finally we need all your payment/ bank details to enable us to facilitate
your fund transfer of $10M with immediate effect. We are very sorry for all
the embarrassment the criminals here have caused to you and be informed
that the federal government has helped you to pay all the necessary bank
charges accrued to your fund through the apex bank in order to encourage
Yours faithfully.

Terry Anderson

Anti-fraud resources: