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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Dr Mark Usman <>
Date: Mon, 17 Jan 2022 18:25:08 +0100
Subject: RIP

Dear Beneficiary,

My Name is Dr Mark Usman, Private Physician to One Late Mrs Ann
Williams,she has Cancer, she died this morning after long suffering of
Cancer of the Bone Marrow, it is a pity that she died after a long bleeding.

The Reason why am contacting you is because she told me that you are her
Beneficiary to her Donation Funds Deposited With Credit Union Bank
the Sum of $15,5Million United States Dollars in your name as her

She gave me all this details before she give up, urging me to make sure i
contact you to inform you about her donation funds, she also explain that
she contacted you on email months ago regarding the donation funds to be
release to you, so that you will use it and open a charity Foundation in her
name and that of her late Husband, but as time goes on she did not hear from
you any more .

She also said that the reason why i must try and contact you to claim this
funds from the Credit Union Bank is because she has already made
you her legal registered Beneficiary and can not be change any more.

I will wait for your reply to enable me explain more to you.

Dr Usman

Anti-fraud resources: