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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Mon, 17 Jan 2022 17:43:28 +0200
Subject: YOUR DONATION OF 4.800.000,00 EURO

I'm Mr. Tom Chris, the Canadian who won a lottery prize of $40 million, would like to inform you that Google, in collaboration with Facebook, has submitted your email address to raise €4,800,000, 00 from me as I have chosen to donate a portion of my profits to charities, individuals and organizations. Contact me if you are one of my lucky winners for more information via email:

Anti-fraud resources: