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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Manuel Franco <>
Date: Tue, 18 Jan 2022 01:20:38 +0800


I am Manuel Franco, you have a donation of $2,800,000.00 (Two Million
Eight Hundred Thousand Dollars). I won the $768 million Powerball
lottery in 2019. I am donating part of it to five lucky people and Ten
Charity Organizations.

Your email was randomly selected from the universal email database. If
you are interested in this, contact me urgently for claims via:

Watch my full interview here:

I am doing this to help cushion the effects of COVID-19 on people. I
am doing my best to put a smile on the faces of everyone in the world,
in every way I can.

Best Regards,


Anti-fraud resources: