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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Pierre Alain " <>
Date: Mon, 17 Jan 2022 07:44:53 +0000
Subject: Bonjour Cher ami,

Bonjour Cher ami,
Je m'appelle Pierre Alain et je travaille pour une soci=E9t=E9 financi=E8r=
e depuis plus de 18 ans. J'aimerais vous faire part d'une entreprise qui po=
urrait nous =EAtre profitable, c'est une situation gagnant-gagnant.
Il s'agit d'un envoi abandonn=E9 contenant la somme de quatorze millions d=
e euros
Ce lot a =E9t=E9 abandonn=E9 par l'un des clients libyens d=E9c=E9d=E9s qu=
i travaillait en tant que conseiller financier. Apr=E8s sa mort, j'ai pu me=
ner plusieurs audits internes, et aucune personne ou institution n'est au c=
ourant de l'existence de ces fonds.
J'ai la possibilit=E9 de faire sortir ces fonds d'ici et de les transf=E9r=
er =E0 l'un de nos si=E8ges en Europe .
Cette transaction est sans risque et se fera dans le respect de toutes les=
normes l=E9gales et juridiques.
Dans l'attente de vous lire.
Pierre Alain

Anti-fraud resources: