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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Dr Mike Donald <>
Date: Fri, 14 Jan 2022 11:30:10 -0800

Dear Sir/Ma:

I am sorry for not communicated with you since because I am trying to
conclude with the management of ING bank Belgium that will release
your payment directly to you in your account,and I am happy to inform
you that all the necessary arrangement has been finalized and your
fund has channeled to ING bank Belgium where it will finally release
to your account by next week.get back to me soon as you receive this
message to give you full contact of Dr. Nicolas Renard Director,
Foreign Operations Department ING Bank Belgium that will release your
payment to you by next week.

I wait your reply

Dr Mike Donald

Anti-fraud resources: