fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "you are advice to " (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: metro bank <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 13 Jan 2022 21:33:00 +0100
Greetings to you from the board of METRO BANK UK we received a total
fund of ($55million )from international monetary fund (IMF)to be
credited to you via online bank service you are advice to provide us
with your details such as below. to enable us create your online
banking account and provide you with the username and login, which you
can use to login into your online bank account through our bank
website and make your fund transfer into your personal bank account of
Your Bank/ details:
Your Swift code:
Your account number:
Cell Mobile Number:
Scan copy of your Id is very important Regard