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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Capt. Laila Jay" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 14 Jan 2022 09:05:34 -0800

Your Attn:,
I am Capt. Laila Jay, an American Combat Soldier group of 50,000 combatant, left behind in Iraq for advisory and assistance to Iraq Forces after the handing over to Iraq PeaceKeeping Force.
I need you to help receive some funds that were discovered during one of our last operation, awaiting release proceedings from Baghdad. Kindly review below links as source of funds:
I do hope you are going to give me your trust in carrying out this venture for our mutual benefit, it's a 100% risk free project but details must be kept in confidence since I am still in service.
I will provide you with more details upon receipt of your response, on how we'll realize the safe release of the funds without breach of law. I look forward to your urgent reply.
Capt. Laila Jay
Baghdad, Iraq. -

Anti-fraud resources: