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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Dr victor pinchuk <>
Date: Fri, 14 Jan 2022 13:06:34 +0000
Subject: Dear beneficiary

Greetings to you, I'm Victor Pinchuk, a Ukrainian billionaire businessman,
oligarch and also an international investing, project funding and financial
advisory company and of Interpipe Group in Ukraine (Europe). you can read
about me on:

You have won a (quarter) portion of my Net-worth $2,500,000 USD each to 4
individuals worldwide as part of our charity project, kindly send us your
details so that we can direct our bank to effect the transfer of the funds
$2,500,000 USD

Best Regards
Dr Victor Pinchuk

Anti-fraud resources: