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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Safiya Muammar Gaddafi <>
Date: Fri, 14 Jan 2022 12:40:15 +0000 (UTC)
Subject: Hello


I am Mrs Safiya Muammar Gaddafi’s, and I was married to former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, who he is late now Gaddafi was not born in the city itself but in Bou Hadi, a sprawling, largely rural area of farms and large villas on the city’s outskirts., Maybe you must have heard about him. Gaddafi’s life have gained a grisly status. A spectacle of pain and
humiliation, the end of the man who once styled himself the “king of the kings of Africa” He was held hostage and slain to death by protesting youths of the region. Before his death we were both devoted Muslim. Since his death I decided not to re marry. When my late husband was alive, he deposited the sum of USD $9,500,000.00(Nine Million Five Hundred Thousand U.S. Dollars) Assurance Firm company. I have been undergoing treatment for my illness of the past years. Am seeking your assistance to receive the sum of US$9.500 MILLION Dollars into a safe account for future investment purposes

A. How I will introduce You/your Company to the holding Assurance Firm and make you the beneficiary of the funds.
Investing our share in your country.
What percentage of the money I am willing to give you for your assistance.

Thank you and kindly respond via my email address:
to me with your:

1. Full names and address.(And company name and address, if any)
2.Private telephone and Fax numbers.


Mrs Safiya Muammar Gaddafi

Anti-fraud resources: