fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "top secret" (scammers urge victims to keep the transaction secret because they don't want anyone to point out to them that it is a scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: TREASURE DAVID <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 14 Jan 2022 04:26:39 -0800
Dear Sir/ Madam Top secret
I am a secret confidential lady friend to the late Chief of Army staff
of Federal republic of Nigeria, ABBA KYARI.
I am in position of his US$ 170 million he gave me to deposit in a
safe security company in Europe with (0NE) Ton of Gold Bars before his
death. I made the deposit in my name. Can I use your information to
move the money and the Gold Bars out for investment?
If you agreed send me your full information to change the beneficiary
name to your name. What will be the sharing mode?
Check the website how Nigerian heads of states loots public funds below:
Miss Treasure David.