fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "from the desk of" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "dear beneficiary," (this SPAM email was probably sent to thousands of people)
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
Date: Fri, 14 Jan 2022 04:13:05 -0800
Subject: my subject
Office of the Governor
From The Desk of:Mr. Edward L. Adamu ,
Deputy Governor. CBN.
We are yet to receive your information and id required for the authentication, processing and release of your fund by ATM Card or Bank Transfer. Please kindly furnish us with the required details to enable us to process and release your fund accordingly and very importantly enclose your direct contact telephone or cell number for effective communication towards the release of your funds.
Meanwhile, be informed that in the cause of my verification of your unpaid funds, I discovered that your local representative or whoever is assisting you here to accomplish the release of your funds, did not file the right and necessary genuine paperwork that would accomplish the release of your funds. That is the actual reason why your funds have not been released till date.
Furthermore it's either that they have failed to use the funds you may have sent to them to do the needful or they must have scammed you and used the funds they may have collected from you for their selfish reason thereby leaving the release of your funds unaccomplished till date.
Therefore you must disassociate yourself from such scammers and stop every communication you have with them for the safety and interest of your funds. I am therefore constrained to inform you of the bitter but honest truth why your funds have not been released till date.
You are therefore advised to get back to me as a matter of urgency and pick up your payment processing form to enable my office as the Deputy Governor of Central Bank of Nigeria to directly under my strict supervision process and release your funds without further bureaucracy and put an end to your long unpaid funds.
Thanks and looking forward to your urgent response.
Mr. Edward L. Adamu
Deputy Governor, Corporate Services Directorate