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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: =?UTF-8?Q?Mr=2ES=C3=A9bastien_Ajavon?= <>
Date: Fri, 14 Jan 2022 03:54:08 -0800
Subject: Attention To This Urgent Notice !

Greetings My Dear Good Friend!

Am Mr.Sébastien Ajavon, the Businessman empire popularly known as
Frozen Chicken King Company West African Limited. And Am hereby to let you know
that I did not forget your past effort and attempts to assist me, now
I'm happy to inform you that I have succeeded in getting these funds
transferred under the cooperation of a new partner Mrs. Janet Yanji from

However, Am Presently right now with my new partner Mrs. Janet Yanji in
China for investments. Please contact my family's attorney and ask him
to send you a Bank Debit Card of ($1.5Million.Usd) which I kept for your

Kindly contact him as urgent as possible via this bellow info:

Name: Barrister. Gaston Fred
Telephone Number#:( +229-696-57107)
Location: Cotonou Republic Du Benin

Feel very free to contact him now And tell him that (I) Mr.Sébastien Ajavon
directed you to contact him, So that he will direct you on how your
Bank Debit Card of ($1.5Million.Usd), will be delivered to you.

Mr.Sébastien Ajavon

Anti-fraud resources: