fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "your payment is being processed" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "you are advice to " (this email uses bad English)
- "power of attorney" (with your bank details and a power of attorney form criminals sometimes empty bank accounts)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.
Fraud email example:
From: Bank Of America <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 14 Jan 2022 04:15:30 +0100
Subject: OVERDUE PAYMENT
Bank Of America.
100 North Tryon Street, Charlotte,
North Carolina, 28202 United States.
Payment Value: $36,500.000.00 USD
Our Ref NO: 002-BOA/0047/2022
I am Mrs. Christine P. Katziff, the newly-sworn Chief Audit Executive
Of Bank Of America. You will get more information about me here:
This is to inform you about your scammed victim compensation funds
valued $36.5 Million that has been brought here in Bank Of America
from IMF which is to be transfer into your bank account with immediate
effect, But one Mr. Bob Jackson from Canada sent an urgent email to my
office stating that you are DEAD and you have giving him Power of
Attorney to claim your scammed victim compensation fund valued $36.5
Million on your behalf, He stated you died on a car accident
yesterday, I urge you to get back to me today if you are not really
dead as he said, He has been calling us regarding your fund, but we
cannot proceed with him until we confirmed this by not hearing from
you within 24 hours. Be advised that we have made all arrangements for
you to receive your compensation funds valued $36.5 Million without
any further delay. You are hereby informed that the $36.5 Million
funds will be release to you once you get back to me today,
I wish to inform you now that the square peg is now in square hole and
your payment is being processed and will be released to you as soon as
you respond to this letter. Note that from the record in my file, your
scammed victim compensation funds is $36,500,000.00 Million Dollars.
You are advised to kindly reply this email with the below details
enclosed to help us process your payment,
Your Full Name: _____________
Your Contact House Address: _____
Name of City of Residence: _________
Direct and Mobile Telephone Number: ______
Working Identity /Passport: ________
Please do provide the above information accurately, because this
office cannot afford to be held liable for any wrong transfer of funds
or liability of funds credited into unknown account. As soon as the
above mentioned details are received, your compensation funds will be
release to you immediately. You are advice to re-confirm to us your
receiving bank account details, where you want your fund to be
We await your swift response and also advise that if our directives
are followed carefully, you should have your fund in your account
within 24 hours and you can also open an account with us to enable
your fund to be credited to your account and the ATM attached to your
account would be sent to you.
Mrs. Christine P. Katziff.
Chief Audit Executive Officer,
Head, Foreign Operations,
Bank of AmericaÂ®
NOTE: If you received this message in your SPAM/BULK folder, that is
because of the restrictions implemented by your Internet Service
Provider, we (Bank of America) urge you to treat it genuinely.