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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Yildiz Oguzhan <>
Date: Thu, 13 Jan 2022 21:26:48 +0100
Subject: HELLO !!


My name is Yildiz Oguzhan, a Board Member of ILBANK of Turkey.

A late investor of our bank died and left $13, 500,000.00 Million dollars
in our bank some years ago and there was no next of kin to claim this fund.

Please get back to me as soon as possible for more details if you are
interested in my proposal.

Best Regards
Yildiz Oguzh

Anti-fraud resources: