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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. James William" <>
Date: Thu, 13 Jan 2022 13:40:20 +0100

Good day Dear,

Did you see the previous email I sent to you in regards to the
transfer of $11 Millions US Dollars already approved on your behalf?

Let me know, so I can resend it.Also you can send your direct number,
full name and your full address for easy communications and fast
delivery of your inheritance fund.

Confirm the following information with your bank details were your funds
can be transferred.

1. Full Name:
2. Address :
3. Nationality:
4. Telephone #:

here is my official email:
My Private Email (

My regards to your good self,

Mr. James William.
First Bank International Auditor Benin Republic.

Anti-fraud resources: