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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Karl Mahmood <>
Date: Thu, 13 Jan 2022 12:33:25 +0100


My name is Karl Mahmood, I have a genuine deal/transaction only if you
are interested to execute this ordeal with me. I work in a bank and
there is an account which has been dormant for over period of years
worth Fifteen Million Dollars.

After proper investigation over the account, I discovered that the
owner of the account is no longer in existence, I wish to use my power
and present you as the next of kin to this said account so that we
both can handle the transfer transaction and share the funds at ratio
of 50% goes to me while 50% goes to you.

Be rest assure that this transaction will be handled over supervision
and protocols of all legal steps and no legal implications will be
involved. If you can handle this transaction with trust, kindly revert
to me by introducing your self so that we can proceed in good faith.

Hoping to read from you soon.

Karl Mahmood.

Anti-fraud resources: