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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs. Jessica Pey" <>
Date: Thu, 13 Jan 2022 11:44:47 +0100
Subject: Pray for me !!!

Dear Friend

I'm Mrs Jessica Pey a 78 years old widow & I from Texas, I have Brain
Tumor and will be going for a medical surgery operation soon

I'm writing you because of $20 million dollars which i want to donate
to you for humanitarian work for you to help the poor in your state
and also help the orphanage and build churches.

I expect your urgent response as to provide you the direction of the
bank to make the wire transfer direct to your account.

your urgent response is expected

Mrs Jessica Pey

Anti-fraud resources: