fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Barbara Clark" <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 13 Jan 2022 10:39:32 +0100
Subject: IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT YOUR OUTSTANDING PAYMENT.
I am Mrs. Barbara Clark; I am a US citizen, 47 years Old. I reside here in Florida USA. My residential address is as follows, 7022 E Hwy 326 Silver Springs Florida 34488 United States, am thinking of relocating since I am now rich. I am one of those that took part in the compensation in West Africa many years ago and they refused to pay me, I had paid over $85,000 while trying to get my payment all to no avail.
So I decided to travel to Washington D.C with all my compensation documents, And I was directed by the Federal Bureau of Investigation Director to contact Mr. Patrick Moore, who is a representative of the INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND (IMF) and a member of the Compensation Award Committee, currently in Washington D.C (USA) and I contacted him and he explained everything to me. He said whoever is contacting us through emails are fake.
He took me to the paying bank for the claim of my compensation payment. Right now I am the happiest woman on earth because I have received my compensation funds of $12.5 Million US Dollars. Moreover, Mr. Patrick Moore showed me the full information of those that are yet to receive their payments and I saw your email as one of the beneficiaries on the list he showed me, that is why I decided to email you to stop dealing with those people, they are not with your fund, they are only making money out of you. I will advise you to contact Mr. Patrick Moore. Kindly send your personal details to him to prove your identification.
You have to contact him directly on this information below.
Compensation Award Office.
Name: Mr. Patrick Moore
You really have to stop dealing with those people that are contacting you and telling you that your fund is with them, it is not in anyway with them, they are only taking advantage of you and they will dry you up until you have nothing. The only money I paid after I met Mr. Patrick Moore was just $825 USD for the paper works, take note of that.
Once again stop contacting those people, I will advise you to contact Mr. Patrick Moore so that he can help you to deliver your fund instead of dealing with those liars that will be turning you around asking for different kind of money to complete your transaction.
Thank you and be blessed.
Mrs. Barbara Clark
7022 E Hwy 326 Silver
34488 United States