fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "courier service" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: DHL COMPANY OFFICE <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 13 Jan 2022 03:42:51 +0100
Subject: Dear Email Owner/Fund Beneficiary
We want to bring to your notice that your compensation fund has been
released this morning which you will receive via an ATM CARD and was
registered with DHL courier service. the amount on the card is
$8.400,000.00 coming to you from the federal ministry of finance
United States of America and you will be withdrawing from your ATM
card and also could use it as debit card but the most important thing
now is that you have to contact DHL delivery director with your
information such as.
1, Receiver's Name___________
3, Phone Number______
4, Home Address_______
5, Age/ Marital Status________
Make sure you contact them immediately they will only charge for delivery fee.
Contact DHL Delivery Director Her name Mrs Anna Wilson
Email: ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Mr. Oscar Williams