fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Martina Francis <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 12 Jan 2022 13:24:33 -0800
Calvario saludos mi querida,
Â¿CÃ³mo estÃ¡s tÃº hoy y tu familia?
Mi nombre es la Sra. Martina Francis, una viuda enferma que escribe
desde la cama del hospital debido a un cÃ¡ncer peligroso y una
enfermedad cerebrovascular que me atacÃ³.
Tengo un fondo de donaciÃ³n de $2,700,000.00 MILLONES de USD que quiero
donar a travÃ©s de ustedes para ayudar a las personas pobres, los niÃ±os
abusados, los menos privilegiados, las iglesias, los orfanatos y las
viudas que sufren en la sociedad. Tomo esta decisiÃ³n porque no tengo
ningÃºn hijo que herede mi riqueza despuÃ©s de mi muerte.
Necesito su respuesta urgente para obtener mÃ¡s detalles antes de que
sea tarde ya que mi estado de salud empeora cada dÃa.
Sra. Martina Francisco.