fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr Martins Jonathan" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 11 Jan 2022 07:38:31 +0700
Subject: UNITED NATIONS COMPENSATION UNIT.
UNITED NATIONS COMPENSATION UNIT,
IN AFFILIATION WITH WORLD BANK.
Permanent Mission of ENGLAND to the United Nations
351 East 52nd Street, New York, NY 10022
Our Ref: UN/TH/066147/2021
This letter is from Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) of the United State Treasury Department. We have been authorized by the World Bank in conjunction with the United Nations to release your Compensation funds amount of $7,500,000.00USD (Seven Million Five Hundred Thousand United State Dollars) to you base on the United Nations report. Kindly confirm the activeness of your e-mail address for further information.
You are therefore advised to contact Mr. Dave Boulware for the claim of your Compensation Funds with the contact details bellow.
CONTACT PERSON: Mr. Dave Boulware.
CONTACT EMAIL: email@example.com
You are to fill the details as required for the claim and send to him for re-confirmation
Copy of ID:
You Registration Number is EG2272-B this payment has been made available to you by the United Nations from the unpaid fund in the United State treasury Funds which was released by the World Bank for Economic uplift.
Yours in Service,
Financial Conduct Authority