fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Linda Nikko Arthur" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 12 Jan 2022 15:08:30 +0100
Subject: Good Day To You My Dearest.
Nice to meet you dear.
I am Mrs. Linda Niiko. Arthur, from the Canada but my husband is of
Japanese origin, we live in the United Kingdom. I'm 60 years old and
suffering from a long time Cancer illness.
Dear, I have some Money the Sum of $17.5 Millions, which my husband
left for me in a bank to donate for you, to invest the fund in God's
work, Helping The Poor and Needy Around the world.
As a real believer of God after all my prayers, for over a month now
that I have been praying about you to know if really you are going to
use the fund working according to the direction of God, so after all
my prayers I am convinced, and I have decided to contact you, Please
if you would be able to use the funds for the Lord's work and help the
poor ones as I want it with trust reply to me with this e-mail address
immediately with this email address: (email@example.com)
This fund is Risk Free,
Mrs. Linda Niiko. Arthur.